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What's Inside Centrum?

Find out what nutrients are in Centrum and how they affect you.

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inside Centrum

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

Beta-carotene

What is Beta-carotene?

Fill your plate with colored fruits and vegetables! Beta-carotene is one of a group of red, orange, and yellow pigments called carotenoids. Beta-carotene breaks down to become Vitamin A in the diet. There is no RDA (recommended dietary allowance) for beta-carotene or other pro-vitamin A carotenoids. However, according to the IOM (Institute of Medicine), eating five or more servings of fruit and vegetables combined each day, including some dark green and leafy vegetables and deep yellow or orange fruits, is seen as sufficient for providing the suggested amount of beta-carotene and other carotenoids.

Why do I need it?

According to the IOM (Institute of Medicine), consuming three to six milligrams (3,000 to 6,000 micrograms) of beta-carotene daily (equivalent to 833 IU to 1,667 of IU vitamin A) maintains blood levels of beta-carotene in the range that supports general eye health.*

Where do I get it?

Carrots, Sweet potatoes, Winter squash, Dark Leafy Green Vegetables.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Biotin

What is Biotin?

Biotin is a vital component of enzymes that allow you to use energy from fats and carbohydrates. It also supports the health of your skin, nervous system, metabolism and cells.*

Biotin is also required for the function of an enzyme involved in fat production. As part of every cell membrane, fat helps separate the inner workings of cells from their environment. It is especially critical for cells that must be rapidly replaced, such as skin cells.*

Why do I need it?

Biotin is a vital component of enzymes that allow you to use energy from fats and carbohydrates. It also supports the health of your skin, nervous system, metabolism and cells.*

Where do I get it?

Biotin is widely distributed in foods. However, data on the actual biotin content of foods is limited and varies significantly. To ensure you get the biotin you need, eat a well - balanced diet with a variety of foods. Biotin deficiency is rare.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Calcium

What is Calcium ?

According to the USDA’s 2010 dietary guidelines for Americans, Calcium is one of the four major nutrients adults and children consistently do not get enough of. Your body can store calcium, but it can’t produce it. That’s why you must get the calcium you need from foods, beverages, and dietary supplements.

Consuming adequate calcium throughout life may reduce the risk of osteoporosis, a disorder that affects more than 10 million American adults, of whom 80% are women.

Calcium absorption is highest during periods of intense growth, such as childhood and pregnancy, as rapidly growing bones spur the high demand for the mineral. With the exception of pregnancy, calcium absorption starts decreasing during adulthood and continues to decrease with age.

The first few years after menopause begins mark rapid calcium loss from bones in women. Estrogen production decreases, which causes more bone breakdown and decreased calcium absorption from foods and dietary supplements. Recommended calcium consumption increases for women at age 51, the time menopause typically starts.*

Why do I need it?

Your body needs calcium to build and maintain strong bones.* If your body lacks sufficient calcium over many years, you could face health problems related to weaker bones:

  • Children may not reach their full potential adult height.
  • Adults may have more bone fractures.
  • The risk of osteoporosis increases.

Where do I get it?

Dairy products, such as cheese, milk and yogurt.

Dark green leafy vegetables, such as broccoli and kale.

Fish with soft bones that you can eat, such as sardines and canned salmon.

Calcium-fortified foods and beverages, such as soy products, cereal and fruit juices.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Chloride

What Is Chloride?

Chloride is found in many chemicals and other substances in the body. It is an important part of the salt found in many foods and used in cooking. Chloride is needed to keep the proper balance of body fluids. It is an essential part of digestive (stomach) juices. Chloride is found in table salt or sea salt as sodium chloride. It is also found in many vegetables. Foods with higher amounts of chloride include seaweed, rye, tomatoes, lettuce, celery, and olives.

Chloride, together with potassium, is also found in most foods and is usually the main ingredient of salt substitutes.

Most Americans probably consume more chloride than needed, in the form of table salt and salt in prepared foods.

Why do I need it?

Chloride is needed to keep the proper balance of body fluids. It is an essential part of digestive (stomach) juices.

Where do I get it?

Seaweed, Rye, Tomatoes, Lettuce, Celery.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Chromium

What Is Chromium?

Nutrition experts know that chromium is an essential nutrient, but they are not exactly sure of all the ways it works to support health.

One thing is certain: Chromium supports the action of insulin, a hormone required for storing and metabolizing carbohydrates, fats, and protein. It also assists several enzymes that initiate reactions involved with energy production.*

Why do I need it?

Nutrition experts know that chromium is an essential nutrient, but they are not exactly sure of all the ways it works to support health.

One thing is certain: Chromium supports the action of insulin, a hormone required for storing and metabolizing carbohydrates, fats, and protein. It also assists several enzymes that initiate reactions involved with energy production.*

Where do I get it?

Chromium is widely distributed in the food supply in small amounts. To ensure you get adequate chromium in your diet, aim to eat a well-balanced diet with a variety of foods.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Copper

What Is Copper?

It may be considered a “trace” mineral, but copper’s role in supporting good health is formidable. In relation to other nutrients, your body only needs a small amount of copper—but that little dose accomplishes quite a bit.

Copper is required for the proper function of enzymes involved in energy production at the cellular level, and the formation of the connective tissue that helps support the heart‡‡, blood vessels, and bones.*

Why do I need it?

Copper is required for the proper function of enzymes involved in energy production at the cellular level, and the formation of the connective tissue that helps support the heart‡‡, blood vessels, and bones.*

Where do I get it?

Muscles, Oysters, Lobster, Shitake Mushrooms.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Folic Acid

What is Folic Acid?

Folic acid is the synthetic counterpart to folate, a B-vitamin that can be found naturally in certain plant foods. Of the two, folic acid is the most readily available – the body absorbs about twice as much folic acid – but they play the same role in good health.

Cell reproduction is among folate’s most important duties. Folate is necessary for making the nucleic acids DNA and RNA and, as such, folate helps to produce and maintain all new cells, a process that is critical during times of rapid growth, such as pregnancy and infancy. This also explains why folate/folic acid is so important in maintaining normal brain function.

When you’re expecting a baby, adequate folic acid helps to prevent certain birth defects, and is necessary during the remainder of the pregnancy, too. The USDA’s 2010 dietary guidelines for Americans identifies folate as a nutrient of concern for women in their childbearing years who are capable of becoming pregnant.

Whether you’re pregnant or not, folate helps to produce healthy red blood cells capable of transporting oxygen to each and every cell.*

Why do I need it?

Cell reproduction is among folate’s most important duties. Folate is necessary for making the nucleic acids DNA and RNA and, as such, folate helps to produce and maintain all new cells, a process that is critical during times of rapid growth, such as pregnancy and infancy.*

Where do I get it?

Asparagus, Lentils, Broccoli, Artichoke Hearts.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Iodine

What is Iodine?

Every cell in the body depends upon thyroid hormones to help regulate its metabolism and iodine is essential to making them, which makes it central to energy production.*

You may know iodine only as an antiseptic used to treat small cuts and scrapes. In reality, iodine is the reason why your body functions. Here’s why.

Iodine is necessary to make thyroid hormones. Cells in the thyroid, a small gland weighing less than one ounce and located in the front of the neck, are the only cells capable of absorbing iodine. Thyroid cells capture iodine and combine it with tyrosine – an amino acid – to produce thyroid hormones that are then released into the bloodstream.

When the body lacks iodine, the thyroid gland become enlarged, a condition called goiter. Iodine deficiency is rare in industrialized countries, including the United States, because most table salt and cattle feed is enriched with iodine.

Why do I need it?

Every cell in the body depends upon thyroid hormones to regulate its metabolism and iodine is essential to making them, which makes it central to energy production.*

Where do I get it?

Iodine is an essential nutrient that you must get through foods or dietary supplements. Iodized salt is our primary source of iodine.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Iron

What is Iron?

Iron is vital for the production of hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that ferries oxygen to cells. Nearly two-thirds of the body’s iron is found in hemoglobin, which explains iron’s key role in promoting life and supporting health. Smaller amounts of iron are found in myoglobin, a protein that’s responsible for transporting oxygen and storing it on a short-term basis within the muscles. Iron is critical for regulating cell growth and replication, as well as for skin repair. It supports your immune system and is required for normal brain and nervous system function.*

It is an essential component of dozens of enzymes – proteins that initiate chemical reactions in the body – including those involved in energy production and for making DNA, the cells’ blueprint for reproduction. Iron supports your immune system, too. It is necessary to produce certain cells to make the enzymes that kill the germs that can make you ill.

Iron is required for normal brain and nervous system function at the cellular level and beyond. Neurotransmitters, the compounds that allow nerve cells to communicate, depend on iron, as does myelin, the protective sheath that surrounds and insulates nerve fibers. According to the USDA’s 2010 dietary guidelines for Americans, iron is one of the nutrients of concern for women in their childbearing years. A large number of females who are capable of becoming pregnant, including adolescent girls, are deficient in iron. In fact, iron deficiency is the most common nutrient shortfall in the United States.

About 15% of the body's iron is stored for future needs and mobilized when dietary intake is inadequate. When iron levels in the blood are low for a prolonged period of time, there is insufficient iron available to support normal red blood cell production, which may result in iron-deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency can limit oxygen delivery and the production of enzymes that rely on iron to function properly, including those involved in energy production.

Insufficient dietary iron is often the culprit in iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia, but chronic bleeding or a large blood loss may also be to blame. In the absence of bleeding, including menstruation, or pregnancy, the body normally loses only tiny amounts of iron every day, so a constant loss of even a very small amount of blood may result in iron deficiency with time. *

Why do I need it?

Iron is vital for the production of hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that ferries oxygen to cells. Smaller amounts of iron are found in myoglobin, a protein that’s responsible for transporting oxygen and storing it on a short-term basis within the muscles.

Where do I get it?

Wheat Cereal, Bran Cereal, Instant Oatmeal, Mussels.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Lutein and Zeaxanthin

What is Lutein and Zeaxanthin?

Zeaxanthin and lutein are carotenoids found in dark green leafy vegetables. Lutein and zeaxanthin filter harmful high-energy blue wavelengths of light and act as antioxidants in the eye, helping protect and maintain healthy cells.*

Why do I need it?

Lutein and zeaxanthin supplements are typically used to help maintain eye health.*

Where do I get it?

Leafy greens (such as kale, spinach and collards).
Corn.
Green peas.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Lycopene

What is Lycopene?

Lycopene is one of the three most commonly occurring carotenoids—a group of yellow, orange and red pigments produced by plants—found in foods.

Why do I need it?

Lycopene supplements may be helpful for supporting a healthy heart‡‡ and general overall health due to their antioxidant properties.*

Where do I get it?

Tomato products (such as puree, juice, marinara sauce, paste, catsup).
Watermelon.
Pink or red grapefruit.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Magnesium

What is Magnesium?

Magnesium is the fourth-most abundant mineral in the body. About 50% of magnesium is associated with bones, and the other half is divided among cells that make up your tissues and organs.

Magnesium is needed for more than 300 reactions that take place on a constant basis. Magnesium is involved in making proteins and is crucial for energy production.

A mere 1% of the magnesium in your body circulates in the bloodstream, but that small fraction doesn’t accurately convey magnesium’s importance there, as the body makes maintaining blood magnesium levels a high priority.

By assisting in the movement of calcium and potassium across cell membranes, magnesium plays a mighty role in promoting normal nerve cell communication, muscle contraction, and a normal heart rhythm.

Magnesium also helps to maintain the strength of cell membranes and bones. Diets that provide recommended levels of magnesium are considered beneficial for bone health.*

Why do I need it?

Magnesium is needed for more than 300 reactions that take place on a constant basis. Magnesium is involved in making proteins and is crucial for energy production.*

Where do I get it?

Flaxseed, Linseed, Pumpkin Seeds, Bran Cereal

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

 

Manganese

What Is Manganese?

Manganese is an essential mineral involved in the formation of bone and in the metabolism of amino acids, fats, carbohydrates, and cholesterol. You need manganese to help form collagen, a connective tissue that helps to hold your body together, supports bone and joint health, and keeps muscles and skin taut.*

Manganese is often confused with magnesium, or worse, gets no attention at all for what it does to support good health. It is an important component of several enzymes and activates many others to keep your cells in working order. One of the body’s most important antioxidant enzymes that protects and defends your cells owes its existence to manganese.*

Why do I need it?

Manganese is an essential mineral involved in the formation of bone and in the metabolism of amino acids and carbohydrates. You need manganese to help form collagen, a connective tissue that helps to hold your body together; supports bone and joint health.*

Where do I get it?

Wheat Cereal, Flaxseed, Linseed, Tofu, Pineapple.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Molybdenum

What Is Molybdenum?

Molybdenum is an essential trace mineral considered important for normal cell function and growth. It is abundant in legumes such as beans, lentils, and peas, as well as grains. Animal-based foods as well as fruits and vegetables tend to be low in molybdenum.

Molybdenum assists a small number of enzymes, proteins that help chemical reactions to take place in the body. The most important of these enzymes for health is sulfite oxidase, which is involved in the metabolism of amino acids (the building blocks of protein) that contain sulfur. That’s why molybdenum is considered important for normal cell function and growth.*

Healthy people don’t have molybdenum deficiencies, but those with a genetic defect that prevents the formation of sulfite oxidase do.*

Why do I need it?

Molybdenum assists a small number of enzymes, proteins that help chemical reactions to take place in the body. The most important of these enzymes for health is sulfite oxidase, which is involved in the metabolism of amino acids (the building blocks of protein) that contain sulfur. That’s why molybdenum is considered important for normal cell function and growth.*

Where do I get it?

Romaine Lettuce, Zucchini Squash, Tofu, Skim or Fat Free Milk

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Niacin

What is Niacin?

Niacin is a big shot when it comes to energy and metabolism.* It is essential for converting proteins, fats, and carbohydrates into fuel that cells can use. Niacin is also needed to make fatty acids, cholesterol, and other “macronutrients.”

The vital components of DNA – the blueprint your cells use to replicate themselves – owe their existence to niacin. It’s also important for helping maintain healthy skin.*

Enzymes incite chemical reactions in the body. Niacin is part of about 200 enzymes, which paints a clear picture of just how important this B vitamin, also called vitamin B3, is to your life.

The body can manufacture niacin from the amino acid tryptophan. Making niacin is truly a group effort. Niacin synthesis requires the contribution of its fellow “B’s,” vitamin B6 and riboflavin (vitamin B2), as well as an enzyme that contains iron. Inadequate intake of iron, riboflavin, or vitamin B6 decreases the body’s ability to produce niacin from tryptophan.*

Why do I need it?

The vital components of DNA – the blueprint your cells use to replicate themselves – owe their existence to niacin. It’s also important for helping maintain healthy skin.*

Where do I get it?

Chicken Breast, Canned Light Tuna, Mackeral, Salmon.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

What is Omega-3 fatty acids?

Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats. There are three main omega-3 fats, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).

Not all omega-3 fatty acids act the same way in the body. ALA is necessary for normal growth and development, a healthy nervous system, and skin health. EPA and DHA are more closely related to supporting heart health‡‡. Although similar heart-healthy benefits are proposed for ALA, its beneficial effects are less certain. The body is capable of making EPA and DHA from ALA, but the conversion rate is relatively low.

Why do I need it?

Omega-3s offer structural support of cell membranes, the barriers that separate and protect the inner workings of cells from their environments. DHA is especially important for brain development during pregnancy and early childhood and is found in high levels in the brain and in the cells of the retina, the part of the eye that registers images and transmits them to the brain for processing. Omega-3s also serve as the raw materials for making compounds that are critical to proper blood clotting, helping arteries to relax and contract properly.* Most substantial evidence for the beneficial effects of EPA and DHA concerns heart health‡‡.*

Where do I get it?

Shrimp, Scallops, Clams, Tilapia, Cod

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Pantothenic Acid

What is Pantothenic Acid ?

Pantothenic acid helps generate energy from carbohydrates, fats and protein. It is also involved in the production of cholesterol and hormones, as well as in the making of essential fats, which are vital for protecting the structure of nerve cells..

Pantothenic acid is also helpful for the nervous system and brain because it helps produce a neurotransmitter that assists in nerve cell communication. Proper cell reproduction and replication also depend on it.

You may wonder: Where do vitamins get their names? In the case of pantothenic acid, or vitamin B5, its moniker is derived from the Greek word pantos, which means “everywhere.” That’s an apt description for this busy nutrient, whose duties include assisting an enzyme (a protein that helps chemical reactions to take place) that drives numerous reactions, including generating energy your body can use from carbohydrates, fat, and protein.

Pantothenic acid is involved in the production of cholesterol and hormones, as well as in making essential fats. Essential fats are found in cell membranes, which help to provide a barrier between the inner workings of cells and their environment, and regulate what gets into the cell and what gets out. Essential fats are vital for protecting the structure of nerve cells. Pantothenic acid further supports the nervous system and the brain by participating in the production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that helps nerve cells communicate with each other.

As if all that wasn’t enough, red blood cells need pantothenic acid to make heme, the part of the cell that ferries oxygen throughout the entire body. Proper cell reproduction and replication are also dependent on pantothenic acid.

The friendly bacteria that live in your large intestine produce pantothenic acid, but experts are unsure whether our bodies can absorb enough pantothenic acid from the intestine to satisfy our daily needs. That’s why it’s important to consume pantothenic acid from foods and dietary supplements every day.*

Why do I need it?

Pantothenic acid helps generate energy from carbohydrates, fats and protein. It is also involved in the production of cholesterol and hormones, as well as in the making of essential fats, which are vital for protecting the structure of nerve cells.*

Where do I get it?

Shitake Mushrooms, Sweat Patatoes, Trout, Salmon.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Phosphorus

What is Phosphorus?

Phosphorus does an impressive amount of work. It is part of cell membranes and participates in the inner workings of cells as part of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA that store and transmit genetic information.

As the major structural component of cell membranes, phosphorus protects cell function by acting as part of a barrier—the cell membrane—that separates what’s inside cells from their environment, as well as regulating what moves in and out of cells. Phosphorus participates in the inner workings of cells as part of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA that store and transmit genetic information. Phosphorus is also part of a compound that binds to hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell responsible for transporting oxygen to cells.

Not only does phosphorus allow cells to function properly, it also lends strength to bones, making it a major structural component of the skeleton. About 85% of the body's phosphorus is found in bones and teeth.

Phosphorus is central to energy production, which means life would stop if it weren’t for phosphorus. Phosphorus plays an important role in how your body uses carbohydrates and fats, and in the making of proteins used for cell growth, maintenance, and repair. It also assists in muscle contraction, regular heart rhythm, and in helping nerve cells communicate with each other. As if that wasn’t enough, phosphorus oversees the balance between acidity and alkalinity in the bloodstream, which insures that your bodily functions continue.*

Why do I need it?

Phosphorus does an impressive amount of work. It is part of cell membranes and participates in the inner workings of cells as part of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA that store and transmit genetic information.

Where do I get it?

Plain Low Fat Yogurt, Mackeral, Cod, Trout.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Potassium

What is Potassium?

Life would be impossible without potassium. It supports muscle health, brain health, and heart health‡‡, and is part of every cell in the body.*

Why do I need it?

Life would be impossible without potassium. It supports muscle health, brain health, and heart health‡‡, and is part of every cell in the body.*

Where do I get it?

Dried Apricots, Russet Potato, Sweet Potatoes, Dried Prunes, Banana, and Oranges.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Riboflavin

What is Riboflavin?

Riboflavin is involved in the metabolism of several B vitamins—a tight-knit group of compounds that work together to help the body function.

Riboflavin promotes energy production at the cellular level and is critical for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and protein.

Riboflavin also works to protect your cells.*

Why do I need it?

Riboflavin supports energy production at the cellular level and is critical for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and protein.*

Where do I get it?

Wheat Cereal, Bran Cereal, Plain Low Fat Yogurt, Mackeral

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Selenium

What is Selenium?

Selenium is required to manufacture important antioxidant compounds in the body that help cells function properly, support immune health, and prevent damage caused by free radicals — the rogue forms of oxygen that roam the bloodstream looking to play havoc with your cells.*

Selenium is required by the body to manufacture selenium-containing proteins called, aptly, selenoproteins. Some selenoproteins go one step further in assisting vitamin E and vitamin C, which are also antioxidants, to do their job defending your cells against free radicals.

Free radicals are generated by everyday living, and in response to cigarette smoke, pollution, excessive exposure to sunshine, and other environmental factors.

Selenium also helps regulate your metabolism. It’s involved in the conversion of thyroid hormones to their active forms. Thyroid hormones influence nearly all of the metabolic processes in the body.*

Why do I need it?

Selenium is required by the body to manufacture selenium-containing proteins called, aptly, selenoproteins. Some selenoproteins go one step further in assisting vitamin E and vitamin C, which are also antioxidants, that help protect your cells against damage from free radicals.*

Where do I get it?

Canned Light Tuna, Lobster, Oysters, Halibut.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Thiamin

What Is Thiamin?

Thiamin was the first of the B vitamins to be discovered and plays a leading role in many bodily functions. Thiamin is necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system and muscles. It helps produce energy from the food you eat.*

Why do I need it?

Thiamin is necessary for the proper functioning of the nervous system and muscles. It helps produce energy from the food you eat.*

Where do I get it?

Pork Loin, Wheat Cereal, Bran Cereal, Flaxseed or Linseed.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Vitamin A

What Is Vitamin A?

Vitamin A is a broad term for a group of related compounds such as retinol and retinoic acid that perform an array of functions. Best known for supporting eye health, it is involved in transmitting images to the brain and helping you see in low light. “Preformed” vitamin A (also called retinoid) includes retinol, one of the most usable forms of vitamin A. The body can make retinal and retinoic acid, other active forms of vitamin A, from retinol. The vitamin A found in animal foods is the preformed kind.

Carotenoids, including beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxathin, present in plant foods, can be converted into retinol by the body. Retinol is most efficiently produced from beta-carotene.

Alpha-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin can also be converted into vitamin A, but only half as efficiently as beta-carotene. Lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin are examples of other carotenoids that cannot be converted into vitamin A, but offer health benefits. Beta-carotene also functions as an antioxidant, helping to protect cells from damage caused by substances known as free radicals. Free radicals are formed in response to normal metabolism, and to exposure to toxins in cigarette smoke and air pollution, for example.

Retinol and retinoic acid are essential for growth and development during pregnancy. However, excess retinol consumption exceeding tolerable upper intake levels is known to cause birth defects.*

Why do I need it?

Vitamin A is necessary for maintaining the integrity of the skin, the linings of your urinary tract, lungs, and digestive system. These barriers help support your immune system.  Vitamin A also supports white blood cell formation, which plays a role in immune function.*

Where do I get it?

Sweet Potatoes, Carrots, Kale, Spinach.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Vitamin B6

What is Vitamin B6?

Pyridoxine is needed to make the amino acids that help to form the basis of DNA, the blueprint for cell production. You also need it to produce immune system cells.

Pyridoxine plays a major role in supporting the nervous system. The production of serotonin and norepinephrine – neurotransmitters that foster communication between nerve cells – is made possible by a compound that contains Vitamin B6.

It’s easy for vitamin B6 to get lost in the crowd. The other B vitamins—niacin, vitamin B12, and folic acid—seem to make headlines more often than vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is not fully appreciated for all that it does to foster good health, including the fact that it works well with others for your good health.

When it comes to supporting your heart, vitamin B6 teams up with folic acid/folate and vitamin B12 to keep blood levels of homocysteine, an amino acid, within a normal range, which is important for heart health.*

Vitamin B6 is part of an enzyme (a protein that helps chemical reactions to take place) that facilitates the release of glucose, the cell’s energy source, from glycogen; glycogen is the storage form of energy in your body. Vitamin B6 also assists in the processes that generate glucose from amino acids (proteins), and it’s needed to make the amino acids that help to form the basis of DNA, the blueprint for cell production. As such, vitamin B6 can be regarded as playing a critical role in forming all the new cells in the body.

Vitamin B6 is involved in making heme, which is part of hemoglobin, the compound in red blood cells that’s responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body.*

Why do I need it?

Pyridoxine plays a major role in supporting the nervous system. The production of serotonin and norepinephrine – neurotransmitters that foster communication between nerve cells – is made possible by a compound that contains Vitamin B6.*

Where do I get it?

Salmon, Wheat Cereal, Bran Cereal, Pork Loin.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Vitamin B12

What Is Vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin with a key role in the normal functioning of metabolism, as well as in the formation of blood.

Vitamin B12 is naturally present only in animal products, where it’s bound to the protein in those foods. During digestion, the hydrochloric acid in your stomach releases B12 from food, allowing the body to absorb it. Inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestinal tract can be caused by a condition called pernicious anemia, resulting in a vitamin B12 shortfall. People who do not eat animal foods and who don’t consume the suggested amount of vitamin B12 from fortified foods and dietary supplements are also prone to vitamin B12 deficiency. As you age, the risk of inadequate vitamin B12 absorption rises.

Why do I need it?

Vitamin B12 plays an important role in converting proteins, fats, and carbohydrates into energy.*

Where do I get it?

Mackerel, Oysters, Mussels, Alaskan King Crab.

Which Centrum has it?

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Vitamin C

What Is Vitamin C?

Vitamin C is essential for immune health, as well as the repair and maintenance of muscles, skin, bones, and teeth.

You need vitamin C for the growth and repair of every cell, both during pregnancy and the rest of your life. It’s necessary for forming collagen, which serves as a structural component of blood vessels, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bone, and skin. That makes vitamin C essential for the repair and maintenance of muscles, skin, bones, and teeth.

Vitamin C offers protection, too. It’s one of several antioxidants in the body that deflect some of the damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are oxygen-based byproducts of normal metabolism, and are also formed when you’re exposed to toxins such as cigarette smoke (including secondhand) and air pollution. Vitamin C helps to protect proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and genetic material, including DNA, against oxidation from free radicals. It’s possible that vitamin C regenerates vitamin E, another antioxidant, after it takes a “hit” doing battle with free radicals.

Vitamin’s C antioxidant abilities support immune health by protecting white blood cells from oxidation, and vitamin C may also stimulate the production and function of white blood cells.

The body absorbs more non-heme iron—the form found in plant foods, such as spinach, and in fortified foods, including breakfast cereals and breads—in the presence of vitamin C. Iron is necessary to prevent iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia, which saps your energy and reduces your concentration.*

Why do I need it?

You need vitamin C for the growth and repair of every cell, both during pregnancy and the rest of your life. It’s necessary for forming collagen, which serves as a structural component of blood vessels, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, bone, and skin. That makes vitamin C essential for the repair and maintenance of muscles, skin, bones, and teeth.*

Where do I get it?

Bell Pepper, Broccoli, Papaya, Strawberries.

Which Centrum has it?

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Vitamin D

What Is Vitamin D?

As nutrients go, vitamin D is in a class by itself. That’s because vitamin D is actually a hormone produced by the body in response to direct exposure of skin to strong ultraviolet B rays from the sun. Vitamin D is classified as a fat-soluble vitamin, which means that the vitamin D you make and consume from foods and dietary supplements is stored in fat tissue for later use.

Without enough vitamin D circulating in your bloodstream, it’s impossible to absorb all the calcium you need. Vitamin D also influences cell growth and immune function, which keeps inflammation in check and keeps your nervous system working properly.

Adequate vitamin D is central to a strong skeleton. With time, even slight shortfalls in vitamin D may impact bone strength, as insufficient vitamin D forces your body to withdraw calcium from bones in order to maintain balance in the body. As a result, several conditions affecting bone health may occur, including rickets, which affects infants and children and is characterized by improper bone development; osteomalacia, often called “adult rickets,” which causes bone and muscle pain; and osteoporosis, which is marked by the thinning of bones and loss of bone density, increasing the risk of fracture.

Strong sunlight triggers vitamin D production in your skin. Your liver and kidneys complete the conversion to vitamin D’s most active form, 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D, also called vitamin D3.

In theory, you can make all the vitamin D you need for the year with a few minutes of direct exposure to the sun a few times a week during the summer months. In reality, many people do not produce the required vitamin D, and many fail to get what they need from food and dietary supplements. According to the USDA’s 2010 dietary guidelines for Americans, most children and adults consistently come up short for vitamin D. *

Why do I need it?

Adequate vitamin D is central to a strong skeleton. With time, even slight shortfalls in vitamin D may impact bone strength, as insufficient vitamin D forces your body to withdraw calcium from bones in order to maintain balance in the body. As a result, several conditions affecting bone health may occur, including rickets, which affects infants and children and is characterized by improper bone development; osteomalacia, often called “adult rickets,” which causes bone and muscle pain; and osteoporosis, which is marked by the thinning of bones and loss of bone density, increasing the risk of fracture.

Where do I get it?

Halibut, Canned Light Tuna, Fortified Orange Juice, Low Fat 1% Milk.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Vitamin E

What Is Vitamin E?

Vitamin E mainly functions in the body as an antioxidant, which helps prevent damage caused by free radicals – rogue forms of oxygen that wreak havoc with the fats found in the outer layer, or membrane, of all cells. Vitamin E supports heart health‡‡ by preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL, or “bad” cholesterol) by free radicals. It also can prevent the oxidation of the fatty portion of the cell membranes in the lens of your eye, helping to support eye health.*

Vitamin E also plays a role in immune function. As nutrients go, vitamin E is more complex than most: there are actually eight forms of vitamin E found naturally in foods, each with a different level of biological activity in the body. However, alpha-tocopherol is the only form that is known to meet the body’s requirement for vitamin E, and it is the form on which the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is based.*

Why do I need it?

Vitamin E supports heart health‡‡ by preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL, or “bad” cholesterol) by free radicals.They are made, to the tissues of the body, with the intent of dumping their cholesterol there.

Where do I get it?

Sunflower seeds, Wheat germ oil, Almonds.

Which Centrum has it?

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Vitamin K

What Is Vitamin K?

Vitamin K is essential for the functioning of several proteins made in the liver that allow your blood to clot. It also supports bone health.

In 1929, a Danish researcher discovered the compound necessary to stanch blood flow, which he called vitamin K. The “K” in vitamin K is derived from the German word koagulation, which means “coagulation” in English. Coagulation is the process of blood-clot formation.

Vitamin K1, produced by plants, is the primary form of the vitamin in our diet and the type of vitamin K that’s necessary for coagulation to occur. Vitamin K2 is made by bacteria, including the bacteria in your large intestine.

In addition to blood clotting, Vitamin K activates the conversion of a bone-building protein called osteocalcin that shores up bone tissue by binding the minerals that support bone strength. Observational studies point to a link between insufficient vitamin K intake and hip fractures. Using data from the Nurse’s Health Study, Harvard researchers found that getting more than 109 micrograms of vitamin K daily reduced the risk of hip fracture during a 10-year time frame in more than 71,000 middle-aged women. Other researchers have found a relationship between vitamin K intake and the incidence of hip fracture in a group of nearly 700 older men and women. Those who took in about 250 micrograms a day of vitamin K, from both food and supplements, experienced fewer broken hips than those who got only about 50 micrograms daily. Other studies have not found a relationship between vitamin K intake and fracture incidence, bone strength or bone density, however.*

Why do I need it?

Vitamin K is essential for the functioning of several proteins made in the liver that allow your blood to clot. It also supports bone health.*

Where do I get it?

Kale, Spinach, Broccoli, Romaine Lettuce.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

Zinc

What is Zinc?

Nearly 100 different enzymes—proteins that initiate chemical reactions in the body—depend on zinc, including those involved in skin repair and making DNA, the cells’ blueprint for replication. Zinc supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence. You also need zinc for a proper sense of taste and smell.*

Zinc also provides structure, helping to support proteins, such as those found in muscle tissue, and cell membranes. As part of the hormone insulin, zinc plays a role in regulating blood glucose levels, which are necessary for providing a constant source of energy to your cells. Zinc is involved in supporting eye health, as well.

Zinc is protective, too. It lends structural support to an antioxidant enzyme that protects against cellular damage. Zinc is also necessary to make and activate T-lymphocytes, which are cells of the immune system.*

Why do I need it?

Nearly 100 different enzymes—proteins that initiate chemical reactions in the body—depend on zinc, including those involved in skin repair and making DNA, the cells’ blueprint for replication. Zinc supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence. You also need zinc for a proper sense of taste and smell.*

Where do I get it?

Mussels, Oysters, Alaskan King Crab, Lean Beef.

Which Centrum has it?

Now you can easily get information about a specific nutrient, plus find the Centrum products that contain it. To get started select your nutrient from the drop-down box below.

 

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